Más allá de la cura: la necesidad de implementar un sistema de seguimiento a largo plazo para los supervivientes de cáncer infantil en Colombia

  • Natalia Godoy Casasbuenas Programa de Doctorado en Epidemiología Clínica, Departamento de Epidemiología Clínica y Bioestadística, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia
  • Esther de Vries
  • Oscar Ramírez Wurttemberger
Palabras clave: Supervivientes de cáncer infantil; eventos adversos tardíos; seguimiento a largo plazo, supervivencia

Resumen

Con el advenimiento de tratamientos multidisciplinarios y de alta calidad, la supervivencia global a cinco años por cáncer en la población pediátrica ha mejorado considerablemente, llegando a ser hasta de 80% en países de altos ingresos. En Colombia también ha habido un aumento progresivo de la supervivencia global a 5 años particularmente para las neoplasias hematológicas.  En consecuencia, el número de supervivientes de cáncer infantil ha aumentado de forma importante en los últimos años y junto con ellos la aparición de eventos adversos tardíos relacionados con mayor morbilidad y riesgo de muerte prematura en la edad adulta. Aunque se han venido implementando estrategias de seguimiento a supervivientes de cáncer infantil en países de altos ingresos, en Colombia pocos esfuerzos se han realizado para la implementación de estas estrategias. De hecho, la práctica común en la mayoría de los centros de tratamiento es la de dar de alta al niño que cumple 5 años de seguimiento oncológico, sin instrucciones precisas para el seguimiento. El objetivo del presente trabajo es argumentar sobre la necesidad de diseñar e implementar estrategias de seguimiento para supervivientes de cáncer infantil en el contexto colombiano.

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Publicado
2021-09-23
Cómo citar
[1]
Godoy Casasbuenas, N., de Vries, E. y Ramírez Wurttemberger, O. 2021. Más allá de la cura: la necesidad de implementar un sistema de seguimiento a largo plazo para los supervivientes de cáncer infantil en Colombia. Revista Colombiana de Cancerología. 26, 1 (sep. 2021), 22-30. DOI:https://doi.org/10.35509/01239015.750.
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