Xerostomía y radioterapia de cabeza y cuello: actualización

Autores/as

  • Anna Vives-Soler Universidad de Barcelona
  • José López-López Universidad de Barcelona
  • Enric Jané-Salas Universidad de Barcelona

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35509/01239015.212

Palabras clave:

Xerostomía, Radioterapia, Radioterapia de intensidad modulada (IMRT)

Resumen

En la radioterapia de cabeza y cuello las glándulas salivales suelen recibir una dosis elevada de radiación, lo que provoca una disminución progresiva y, a partir de determinada dosis, irreversible de la secreción salival, entre otros efectos. La xerostomía o sensación de boca seca es el efecto secundario más frecuente tras la radioterapia de cabeza y cuello, el cual disminuye la calidad de vida de los pacientes al dificultar funciones como la fonación y la deglución. Dada la complejidad y la temprana aparición de este síntoma, su prevención es la solución más eficaz. Los avances de las últimas décadas tienen un papel imprescindible: la radioterapia de intensidad modulada, la administración de sustancias citoprotectoras y el autotransplante de glándula submandibular parecen limitar en cierta medida el efecto de la radiación y disminuir así la sensación de sequedad bucal.

Biografía del autor/a

Anna Vives-Soler, Universidad de Barcelona

Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Barcelona, Barcelona, España

José López-López, Universidad de Barcelona

Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Barcelona - Grupo de salud Oral y sistema masticatorio IDIBELL, Barcelona, España

Enric Jané-Salas, Universidad de Barcelona

Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Barcelona - Grupo de salud Oral y sistema masticatorio IDIBELL, Barcelona, España

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Cómo citar

[1]
Vives-Soler, A. , López-López, J. y Jané-Salas, E. 2017. Xerostomía y radioterapia de cabeza y cuello: actualización. Revista Colombiana de Cancerología. 21, 1 (mar. 2017), 26–32. DOI:https://doi.org/10.35509/01239015.212.

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2017-03-01

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